Remove clothes so that the heat can disperse: clothing has the ability to “catch” body heat and maintain it, also preventing the outside air from touching our skin and cooling us down. When a child has a fever, ideally, there are no clothes to avoid it. The fresquitos are better, so the less clothes they wear better.
That it is not hot where the child is: if it is winter and we are at home with the heating on it can be interesting to lower the temperature of the house. In summer we must take into account the same thing, that they are in a ventilated room, but without being in drafts or under the “jet” of the air conditioning.
Bathe the baby or child , leaving a good time to soak: the other solution to steal heat to the body is to put it in contact with water that is lower temperature. The change must be gradual, avoiding cold baths (there are people who do that, put them in cold water), because they can be fatal. The ideal is to heat the water as always (34-36C) and let the time pass so that the water goes down temperature (playing with it, explaining things, etc.).
Use cold compresses : this is very typical and very of the films. We can take a small cloth or towel and wet it with cold water. They are applied on the forehead, nape and wrists and are changed as they cease to effect (it gets wet again). A similar effect, if the child is a little older, is to put a bowl with cold water to put the hands and part of the arms . As the blood circulation goes through your hands and arms the body is lowering the temperature a little (it would be a resource not to spend all day completely in water).
Make a liquid diet to be rehydrated: if the child is sweating because of fever, it is advisable to moisturize. Some children also do not want to eat a lot if they have a fever and can better accept a liquid diet, which will help us rehydrate them. Juices, water or broths are advised and, in the case of babies, oral serum or breast milk (artificial if not breastfeeding).
Try to keep the child calm : if the child has a high fever, he or she may not feel like blinking. If he does not have a fever, he may still have the strength to move (and move a lot) and there are many children who, even with fever, do not stop. It is not that you have to tie them to the chair so they do not move, but it is advisable to try to do with the children activities that do not calm them or increase their body temperature or sweat.
Give her sunflower infusion : one of the properties of the sunflower is to help lower the fever. They use dry petals of the sunflower flower and make an infusion with them. To do this, boil water, put the petals inside and leave it to stand for 10 minutes. Filter the mixture and add sugar or honey, something that gives a little sweet taste. The child is given a couple or three tablespoons every 8 hours.
Cool the child from the feet : this would be done by stealing the child’s heat from below, from the soles of the feet. Many people take advantage of the summer to walk barefoot and, in contact with the cold soil (depends on the soil you have), the heat seems to decrease a bit. In addition to making him walk barefoot or put his feet in a basin with warm water pulling cold, we can put raw potato slices on the soles of his feet. When they warm they change them for others that should continue to steal heat from their feet.
And if the fever goes down, do not we take him to the emergency room?
Fever is a symptom, not a disease. Fever alone says there is some kind of infection the child is defending against, and that infection usually ends up leaving more symptoms (earache, sore throat, itchy urination, etc.). If the fever just appeared a few hours ago it is most likely impossible to see the focus of the infection and it is advisable to wait at least 24 hours to see if the child is still ill and if he complains about something.
I say wait because many viras are so fleeting that a child has fever one day and the next day no longer , and I say wait because many times you go to the pediatrician with fever a few hours ago and you return without knowing what you have because the focus is not seen still.
Now, if the fever is very high and the child is not well, I would not wait . I prefer to sin as prudent as reckless. And if you have less than 3 months, for a little fever you have, you have to go to the hospital (I no longer tell the pediatrician of the primary care center), because they are babies so small that it is necessary and advisable to know why you have tenths or fever.